The interior of a building is its innermost area. It is the space occupied by the occupants, and it can include private or public areas. It can also be the space inside a vessel or other closed structure.
The design of a building’s interior environment is a multifaceted profession that encompasses the process, strategy and planning of a creative, technical, and sustainable interior solution for human use. It requires a high degree of professional skill and knowledge relating to space planning, site inspections, programming, communication with the project team, client meetings, construction documents, occupancy loads, building codes, healthcare regulations, and sustainable design principles.
Unlike the broader concepts of decoration and style, interior designers are qualified professionals who create functional spaces that are aesthetically pleasing within a building. They must have a strong foundation in architecture, structural engineering, and mathematics, as well as an understanding of lighting, colour, and material selection.
They must be able to understand the requirements of their clients, including their budget and time frame. They should be able to make recommendations that are cost-effective and sustainable, as well as being sensitive to the culture of their clients. This includes incorporating features of the Five Ways to Well-being, such as natural sunlight, integration of nature, moderate indoor temperature, comfortable and cozy materials, and a duality between intimate and shared spaces. Moreover, they must be able to integrate the principles of Feng Shui into their designs. These elements help to foster physical, mental and emotional wellbeing.